The legendary plant of the “long sheep on the tree” is broadcasting in a large area of ​​Xinjiang

The legendary plant of the “long sheep on the tree” is broadcasting in a large area of ​​Xinjiang

Source: Tianshan.com

Cotton in the world to see China

Chinese cotton watch Xinjiang

Xinjiang is important in my country

“树上长羊”的传奇植物,正在新疆大面积机播

Cotton production base, high -quality cotton production area

Cotton ovary has been ranked first in the world for many years

you know

When does Xinjiang start to grow cotton?

Do you know the development of Xinjiang cotton?

recently

The reporter passed the inventory

Archaeological discovered by Xinjiang

Cotton fabrics, cottonseed and other relics

Describes the “past life” of Xinjiang cotton

The cotton pictures imagined by the ancients come from “Silk Road Cotton Textile Archaeological Research” literature

Cotton in plant classification

Belongs to the genus Plants

They have four cultivation species

Separate

Asian cotton, grass cotton, island cotton and land cotton

“树上长羊”的传奇植物,正在新疆大面积机播

Mainly distributed in tropical and subtropical regions

“树上长羊”的传奇植物,正在新疆大面积机播

For a long time around AD

People take them

When the “raw flocity tree” is planted in the garden

Even put them

Rebirth of the legendary plant that can grow “lamb”

And in the end of the Western Han Dynasty, the Western Han Dynasty was unearthed in the Takuku Cemetery. Picture from the Literature of “Silk Road Cotton Textile Archaeological Research”

The cotton headband, coverage, gloves, cotton cloth sleeves of the cotton -made cotton -made cotton -made cotton -made period. Picture from the Literature of “Silk Road Cotton Textile Archaeological Research”

The earliest came to Xinjiang was straw pads. They were short and small when the cotton bell matured. However, they were resistant to high temperature, drought and salt alkali to adapt to the climate of Xinjiang. Xinjiang archeological discovery cotton cloth time was earlier than cotton, and cotton cloth had come to Xinjiang during the Western Han Dynasty. They were originally regarded as “treasures”, and they were called white stacks, stacks, white butterflies, and Jibei. In the end of the Western Han Dynasty, a red cotton cloth skirt in the Western Han Dynasty was found in Xinjiang’s earliest cotton textiles.

The blue printed cotton in the Han and Jin dynasties was unearthed in the Shan Pula Cemetery. Picture from the Literature of “Silk Road Cotton Textile Archaeological Research”

The above three cotton cloth clothes are: the cotton cloth robe, half -sleeved robe, and long -sleeved silk robe unearthed from the ancient city of Loulan. The following four cotton fabrics are long -sleeved silk robes, skirts, painted cotton and cotton socks unearthed from the Loulan LE mural tomb. Picture from the Literature of “Silk Road Cotton Textile Archaeological Research”

The Naya site unearthed in the Han and Jin dynasties, two blue wax dyed cotton residual slices, and cotton square scarf. Picture from the Literature of “Silk Road Cotton Textile Archaeological Research”

In addition, the Naya Site in Minfeng County, the Pulan Cemetery of Luopu County. There were many cotton fabrics in the Loulan site of Ruoqian County and the Cangpan Cemetery of Weili County, but the number of cotton fabrics from the Eastern Han Dynasty to the Jin Dynasty, but the number of fabrics such as silk, hair, and hemp at that time was relatively small.

The Astana tomb was unearthed from the Jin Dynasty cotton. Picture from the Literature of “Silk Road Cotton Textile Archaeological Research”

Archaeological found that during the Han and Jin dynasties, cotton seeds settled in Xinjiang one after another. In the Cangpan Cemetery of Weili County, a cotton cotton cotton cotton was found in the archeological discovery of the Han -Jin Tomb. The researcher was identified as the seeds of straw cotton. At the same time, in the ancient tomb of Astana, Turpan, archeological discovery of charcoal cotton cottonsees. These findings show that people not only use cotton fabrics, but also began to plant grass cotton during the Han and Jin dynasties. In the Yuan Dynasty, it still stopped in the Gansu Hexi Corridor.

Yuan Dynasty robe in the Museum of Autonomous Region. Picture from the Literature of “Silk Road Cotton Textile Archaeological Research”

During the Northern and Southern Dynasties, the cultivation of straw pads and cotton textiles continued to develop. Cotton fabrics have gradually become daily necessities in people’s lives. People use cotton wire weaving and use cotton cloth as products for transactions. Astana’s tomb unearthed cloth figurines, as well as the contracts of cloth and cotton mixed cloth, lending cotton (stack) and brocade contracts. During the Tomb of the Northern Dynasties of Yutian County, the blue printed cotton fabrics and cotton pupae were unearthed. The above discovery explained that at that time, Turpan and Yu Tian County not only planted cotton, but also developed the textile industry and cotton texture and dyeing industry.

The Tang Dynasty tirled cotton fabric was unearthed from the site of the Kuzisa, which was woven with vertical weaving. Picture from the Literature of “Silk Road Cotton Textile Archaeological Research”

The Tang Dynasty cottonseed was unearthed at the site of the Disa Lalai. Researchers asked the Cotton Research Institute of the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences to identify it, and the identification results were considered to be straw cotton. Picture from the Literature of “Silk Road Cotton Textile Archaeological Research”

The Tang Dynasty was a period of rapid development of grass cotton in Xinjiang. At that time, ordinary people could not only put on cotton clothing, but the cores in the oil cup were made of cotton. The book records: In the “tribute” produced by Xizhou, there are also “blankets” stacked. At that time, the cotton and cotton textile industry in Turpan were quite developed. Not only did people find cotton, blue and white weaving flowers (latitudes) cotton fabrics, but also found vertical weaving machines used for weaving, indicating that the cotton textile industry here has also developed. In the Song Dynasty, the domestic cotton and cotton textile industry began to vigorously develop. Asian cotton cotton -like cotton trees that could be born into China entered the country. Their shapes are taller than grass cotton, like shrubs, branches, and 2 meters high. Yellow, red, and white cotton, but their cultivation and spread are restricted by natural habits, which are limited to planting in southwest and Fujian.

With the further development of cotton, hemp, silk, and hair, in order to distinguish the “cotton” of the plant produced and the “silk cotton” of mulberry silkworms, it has added “wood” to the cotton plant. The title of cotton. At the end of the Song Dynasty and the beginning of the early Song Dynasty, the domestic cotton plants and cotton textiles vigorously developed. Bargainy and Asian cotton were slowly eliminated by people due to limited planting areas and difficulty peeling cotton fiber. By the 19th century, land cotton (fine velvet cotton) and wasland cotton (long velvet cotton) entered Xinjiang one after another. The land cotton production was high, the adaptability was wide, the island cotton quality was excellent, and the fiber was soft. After the founding of the People’s Republic of China, with the rapid development of Xinjiang cotton planting and cotton textile industry, land cotton and island cotton scientific researchers have been selected and selected, and the varieties are continuously optimized and improved. Today, Xinjiang has become an important place for domestic cotton cotton and long velvet cotton, and it has also used high -tech to produce natural color cotton.

On March 24, the sowing machine equipped with the Beidou satellite positioning and navigation system sowed cotton in the farmland of the 49th regiment of the Third Division of the Corps. Photo by Chen Yang

Since 1990

Accelerate in the national industrialization

skill improved

The government promotes the transfer of cotton production

Promoting a series of factors

Xinjiang cotton production expansion significantly accelerates

Enter the 21st century

Xinjiang cotton production development is a rapid progress

Create a batch

Keep multiple links in multiple links

Multiple technologies of cotton planting

Leading internationally

Xinjiang Changye cotton is tested by related testing

Various quality indicators exceed national standards

“树上长羊”的传奇植物,正在新疆大面积机播

In recent years

Xinjiang Changye cotton is high due to quality and large output

“树上长羊”的传奇植物,正在新疆大面积机播

Conferring year in short supply

Xinjiang has become my country’s largest cotton production base

“树上长羊”的传奇植物,正在新疆大面积机播

Processing base, textile and clothing export base

On October 31, 2020, a cotton puppet was unloaded in Mianfang, the first division of the Corps. Photo by Chen Jiansheng

National Bureau of Statistics show

2020

“树上长羊”的传奇植物,正在新疆大面积机播

The total cotton output of Xinjiang is 5.161 million tons

87.3% of the total cotton output in the country

About 20%of the world’s cotton output

The entire district (including the Corps)

Cotton machine mining rate reaches 75.5%

As the temperature gradually increases

Spring Broadcasting in Xinjiang

“树上长羊”的传奇植物,正在新疆大面积机播

Gradually from south to north

Especially in southern Xinjiang

Cotton field’s large -scale mechanization sowing

“树上长羊”的传奇植物,正在新疆大面积机播

Has been launched

On October 7, 2020, cotton picking machines were harvested cotton. Niazi.

Text/Reporter Zhao Mei organized

“树上长羊”的传奇植物,正在新疆大面积机播

Some content refers to “Silk Road Cotton Textile Archaeological Research”

Literature and materials of “Cotton Planting and Textiles in Xinjiang from Archaeological Excavation”

The cotton pictures imagined by the ancients come from “Silk Road Cotton Textile Archaeological Research” literature

The above is the introduction and description of print cotton woven factory, I hope it can be helpful to you.