Authoritative answers to Jiangsu Disease Control and Control and Control of Crown Pneumonia During the New Crown Pneumonia’s Epidemium Related Issues Related to Personal Protection
1. How to choose a mask?
Everyone goes to the streets normally, go to a well -ventilated public place, and do not contact patients with respiratory tract patients. You only need to wear disposable medical masks or medical surgical masks without having to over -protect.
2. How to wear a mask correctly?
When wearing a mask, the folding noodles should be fully expanded, and the nose, mouth, and mandibular mandibular should be fully wrapped, and then the nose clip is pressed to make the mask fully fit the face. Wash your hands before wearing a mask, or avoid contact with the inner surface of the mask during the mask to reduce the possibility of the mask being polluted. It is necessary to distinguish the inside and outside of the mask. The light -colored surface should be inside, and the inner surface should be covered with nose and nose, and the dark surface faces the outside; there is a metal strip (nasal clip) at the top of the mask.
3. If you don’t go out, can the mask be reused?
Any type of mask, the effect of protection is sometimes effective. It is not recommended to replace it regularly. It is recommended to replace the mask every 2 to 4 hours. If the mask is contaminated, it should be replaced as soon as possible.
4. How to throw the mask?
When taking off the mask, avoid touching the outside of the mask, grab the tie with your hands and take it off. It is not recommended to directly plug the removed mask in the imported bag or discard. After taking off the mask, you must remember to disinfect the hand.
5. What are the masks everyone used during the epidemic?
Disposable medical masks, medical surgical masks and medical protective masks have gradually improved.
6. Can the mask be cleaned and then wear?
Medical protective masks, medical surgical masks, and medical masks can not be washed and then worn.
7. Do you have to wear a mask in the office building?
If you work alone, you can wear it without ventilation; there are many personnel. During the meeting, it is recommended to wear a mask throughout the process.
8. Line in line for nucleic acid testing. How do individuals do well?
The sampling point line up, be sure to keep a safe distance, wear a mask for the whole process, do not talk to people. When coughing, use paper towels or elbows to avoid droplet transmission risks. In conjunction with the guidance of on -site staff, the guidance is sampled in an orderly manner. After collecting, wash your hands or wipe your hands with a hand -washed disinfection agent and put on a reserve mask. Put the abandoned mask into the designated medical trash bin. Leave immediately, don’t spit around the place of collection.
9. What protection should we pay attention to when going to the vegetable field?
Put the mask correctly throughout the process to avoid direct contact with the face or eyes after contacting public items or facilities, avoid contact with wild animals, and do not slaughter or eat diseases, dead birds or wild animals. After returning home, wash your hands with flowing water and soap in time.
10. Does home air need disinfection?
The air in ordinary families does not need to be disinfected. Try to open the windows every day. It cannot be ventilated with exhaust fans naturally. If a positive case occurs, specialized medicines should be used to disinfection with special medicines for professional and technical personnel.
11. During home isolation, how to disinfect the garbage at home?
Set up a special trash can with plastic bags and cover, place the use of paper towels, masks, etc. to a special trash can, clean up every day, use 84 disinfectant (84 disinfectant+49 parts of water) or foam before cleaning. The sliced disinfectant (2 tablets+2 pounds of water) spray or sprinkle the garbage until it is completely moist, and then tighten the mouth of the ingredients and place it according to the garbage classification area.
12. How to disinfect the surface of the object?
The table, door handle, telephone, switch, hot kettle, wash basin, toilet, etc. It may be exposed to the surface of the items that may be used daily, and use 84 disinfectant (1 copy of 84 disinfectant+99 parts of water) or foaming tablets to configure the disinfectant ( Wipe or spray for 1 piece+2 catties of water, and wash it with water after 30 minutes.
13. How to disinfect the ground?
It can be mopped with 84 disinfectant (1 part of 84 disinfectant+99 parts of water) or foaming tablets for disinfectant (1 piece+2 catties of water).
14. How to disinfect daily fabrics (such as towels, clothing, cover, etc.)?
Use 84 disinfectant (1 part of 84 disinfectant+99 parts of water) or foaming tablet for disinfectant (1 tablet+2 catties of water) and rinse with water after 1 hour, or boil for 15 minutes (boiling time from the water) Disinfection, or use a high -temperature washing machine with high temperature (80 ° C).
15. How to disinfect the tableware?
Boil for 15 minutes (bloom from water) or use 84 disinfectant (84 disinfectant+99 parts of water) or foaming tablet for disinfectant (1 piece+2 catties of water) for 30 minutes. Rinse with water. Or use tableware disinfection cabinets to disinfect according to the manual.
16. When do you need to disinfect your hands?
After getting off work, after buying vegetables and shopping, after the express delivery, contact the elevator button, armrests, switches, public transportation, etc. After wearing a mask and the lamina, after contacting the coin, after contacting the pet.
17. How to disinfect your hand?
Hand disinfection can use about 70%concentration of alcohol or alcohol -free hand washing disinfection agent for 1 to 3 minutes. When the pollutants are visible to the naked eye, they should be washed under the water underwater when the pollutants are seen, and then disinfected.
18. How to disinfect the skin?
When the skin is contaminated by pollutants, the pollutants should be removed immediately, and then wipe the disinfection of iodine for more than 3 minutes with a paper towel to dip the iodine disinfection solution, and clean it with water.
19. How to disinfect pollutants (vomit, secretions)?
A small amount of pollutants can be taken with a gauze and rags with 84 disinfectant (84 disinfectant+9 parts of water) or a puffed ticked tablet with disinfectant (10 tablets+2 pounds of water) carefully.
In a large amount of pollutants, it should be used with a full amount of 84 disinfectant (1 serving of 84 disinfection plants+9 parts of water) or puffed tablet for disinfectant (10 tablets+2 pounds of water). After 30 minutes, be careful to clean up. Then use 84 disinfectant (1 part of 84 disinfectant+49 parts) or foaming tablets to configure the disinfectant (2 tablets+2 pounds of water) (dragging) to be polluted and 2 meters around it. Pollutants should bring gloves and masks.
20. How to disinfect the excrement (mainly feces)?
Disinfection at any time, add 84 disinfectant (84 disinfectant+2 parts of semi -water) or bleach (the amount of double excrement), discharge after 2 hours, and keep the toilet closed during the effect.
21. How to disinfect the refrigerator?
After cleaning up the refrigerator, the power outage is restored to the normal temperature, and the disinfectant (1 serving of 84 disinfectant+99 parts of water) or a pouring tablet is equipped with disinfectant (1 piece+2 catties of water) once.
22. How to disinfect frozen food?
The freezing is restored to normal temperature, and then boiled for 30 minutes.
23. How to disinfect the rural dry toilet?
Use 84 disinfectant (1 part of 84 disinfectant+24 parts of water) or foaming tablets to configure the disinfectant (4 tablets +2 catties of water) to spray the ground such as dirt or wooden boards in the aquacile toilet.
24. How to disinfect the elevator?
Keep the ventilation equipment open, wipe the button with alcohol -containing disinfection wet towel, do not spray the button directly with disinfectants. The remaining places are used with 84 disinfectant (84 disinfectant+99 parts of water) or pouring tablets. (1 tablet+2 catties of water) spray, wipe it with water after 30 minutes.
25. How to disinfect the public corridor?
The staircase handrail, door handle, intercom device, etc. can be wiped with alcohol -containing disinfection wipes, and the ground wall surface is used with 84 disinfectant (84 disinfectant+99 parts of water) or pouring tosses. Water) Spray it and drag it with water after 30 minutes.
26. How to disinfect the garbage storage point?
Use 84 disinfectant (1 part of 84 disinfectant+49 parts of water) or foaming tablets to configure the disinfectant (2 tablets+2 pounds of water) to spray the garbage and the surrounding environment, and disinfect twice a day.
27. How to disinfect the air conditioner at home?
Air conditioning generally does not need to be disinfected. If disinfection is needed, the split air conditioner cleaning the filter and filter, and then use 84 disinfectant (1 part of 84 disinfectant+99 parts of water) or foaming tablet for disinfectant (1 piece+2 pounds of water) Soak and disinfect for 30 minutes, rinse and dry them with water.
28. Do you need to disinfect the walls, ground and wheels in general communities?
No need, just clean it normally.
29. How to disinfect private cars?
Generally, no disinfection is required. After sitting in person with unknown health conditions, use disinfection wet towels or 84 disinfectant (1 copy of 84 disinfectant+99 parts of water) or foaming tablets for all surfaces in the car. Wipe and disinfect for 30 minutes, then wipe it clean with water.
30. How to disinfect the mobile phone and keyboard?
Can be disinfected with 75%alcohol or alcohol cotton balls and alcohol cotton slices.
31. How to match the effective chlorine chlorine 500mg/L?
Use 84 disinfectant (1 part of 84 disinfectant+99 parts of water), and configure the disinfectant (1 tablet+2 catties of water) with a puff.
32. What should I pay attention to when configuration and disinfectant?
Be sure to pay attention to personal protection. You must pay attention to wearing gloves and masks during the entire operation.
33. What should I pay attention to when storing the disinfectant at home?
Pay attention to placing the disinfectant where children cannot contact. In addition, alcohol is flammable and explosive items, and you must pay attention to safety. In addition, be careful not to store with 84 disinfectant.
Can the disinfectant be used with the toilet spirit?
Can’t! Absolutely prohibited!
35. In order to prevent new crown pneumonia, can you spray disinfection agents to the crowd in the lobby and activity centers?
No, it can damage people’s health.
36. How to choose hand washing solution and hand disinfection agent?
When buying, you must look at the product name and label: the antibacterial hand -to -hand sanitizer that claims to have antibacterial effects, the disinfection agent that claims to have disinfection, and the rest are ordinary hand sanitizers. Under normal circumstances, ordinary hand sanitizers and antibacterial handwashing fluids can meet the daily cleaning needs of ordinary citizens. It is not recommended to use hand disinfectants to disinfect the hand skin. (If possible, try to use hand washing liquid+flowing water to wash your hands.)
37. Is anti -virus spray useful?
The so -called anti -virus spray is generally chemical disinfection agent, spraying on the body, which can cause eye and skin irritation, inhalation of pneumonia, skin inflammation, allergic reactions, etc., severe cases can cause chronic bronchitis recurrence of the elderly, and children with asthma. Not only cannot achieve the effect, there will be potential risks, cause damage to health, and pollution to the environment.
38. What should I pay attention to when using alcohol disinfection?
Alcohol is flammable and explosive items, and you must pay attention to safety. Do not use alcohol for large -scale spraying and disinfection of environmental watches. It is not recommended to use alcohol to spray and disinfect clothes. It is necessary to ensure ventilation when using alcohol disinfection, and stay away from high -temperature objects, and must not be in contact with bright fire. Clean up flammable and combustible materials around the air before using alcohol. Do not spray it directly in the air.
39. How should the disinfection staff be protected?
When preparing disinfection or disinfection, the disinfection should wear medical surgical masks, latex gloves, goggles or protective surface screens, and work clothes. When entering the pollution area, wearing disposable working caps, medical protective masks, protective clothing, disposable gloves, goggles or protective surface screens, waterproof boots or rubber boots, should be replaced with anti -organism and chemical mask if necessary Perform respiratory protection.
40. What is the order of proper protective clothing?
Wear protective clothing:
Step 1: Hand -hygiene, change personal clothes to wear work clothes, remove personal supplies such as jewelry, watch, mobile phone, etc.; Wear working shoes or rubber boots, a one -time working hat;
Step 2: Wear medical protective masks and do gas tight inspection;
Step 3: Wear inner gloves (when operating when it is easy to cause gloves or severe pollution) to do gas tight inspection;
Step 4: wear a protective suit to ensure that the protective clothing cuffs cover the inner glove cuffs;
Step 5: Waterproof boots sleeve;
Step 6: Wear a protective head cover or protective surface screen or goggles (when wearing in patients with vomiting, diarrhea or bleeding);
Step 7: Wear waterproof apron or waterproof isolation clothes (wearing when contacting vomiting, diarrhea or bleeding);
Step 8: Wear outer layer gloves (covering protective clothing or waterproof quarantine cuffs) to do gas tight inspection;
Step 9: Supervisor assistance to check to confirm the wearable effect to ensure that there are no naked hair, skin and clothing, and normal activities of the body will not affect diagnosis and treatment;
Step 10: If you contact the patient, disinfect outer gloves.
In the case of guidance and assistance of qualified personnel, check whether all personal protection equipment is ready, intact, and appropriate. Medical protective masks can be replaced by particulate protective masks at the KN95 and above levels.
Remove protective clothing:
Step 1: Personal protection equipment has the outer layer of the naked eye to see pollutants and disinfection;
Step 2: disinfection outer gloves;
Step 3: (such as wearing) waterproof apron (such as wearing waterproof isolation clothes, first remove the outer gloves or take it off with the isolation clothes), disinfect the outer gloves;
Step 4: Exterior layer gloves, disinfection inner gloves;
Step 5: picking the protection surface screen (goggles), disinfected inner gloves;
Step 6: (such as wearing) picking a protective hood, disinfected inner gloves;
Step 7: Take off the protective clothing, take off the waterproof boots, disinfect the inner layer gloves;
Step 8: Take off the inner gloves, disinfect hands, replace new inner gloves;
Step 9: Disinfection and replace working shoes or rubber boots, disinfection inner gloves;
Step 10: Medical protective masks and disposable working caps, disinfected inner gloves;
Step 11: Take off the inner gloves, wash your hands, disinfect hands; wear new medical surgical masks in time;
Step 12: Guide or assist personnel to evaluate the process of taking off with the staff. If it may pollute the skin and mucous membranes, it should be disinfected in time;
Step 13: Replace it back to personal clothing.
When getting rid of personal protection equipment, personnel who have qualified training should be guided or assisted on the spot. The personnel should wear personal protection equipment (at least including protective clothing or isolation clothes, masks, protective surface screens, goggles and gloves, etc.) to evaluate personal protective equipment In the pollution, in contrast to the smooth order of the smooth order, verbally remind the order of each picking, assist in picking equipment and disinfection of gloves in time.
Source: Jiangsu Public · News Channel Comprehensive Jiangsu Disease Control